Types of Prakrti

Prakrti has been classified into two as

  1. Saareerika - Bodily - Physical
  2. Maanaseeka – Mental- Phscological

Based on the three doshas in human body and their physical and physiological qualities, the Saaeerika Prakrti has been classified into seven namely

  1. Vaata
  2. Pitta
  3. Kapha
  4. Vaata – Pitta
  5. Pitta – Kapha
  6. Kapha – Vaata
  7. Tridoshaja or Sannipaata

Based on the three gunas and their emotional, behavioral, cognitive and mental abilities and qualities, the MaanaseekaPrakrti has been classified into three namely

  1. Rajasiaka
  2. Saatvika
  3. Taamasika

In order to diagnoses a person, it is necessary to first determine his or her type of prakrti. By understanding the prakrti of a persona doctor, is able to detect the changes in the prakrti of the person.

Using prakrti as the base, he or she diagnoses the disease. Irrespective of whether a person is healthy or ill, knowing one's prakrti helps one to know oneself better and live a healthy and peaceful life.

The following table contains the characteristics of the different types of prakrtis.

Physical Traits

TRAITKAPHAPITTAVAATA
Body frameHefty - fatMediumThin
Forehead sizeLargeMedium,Small
HairDense silky and curlyBald and GreyDry and Thin
EyesWide with large white part (sclera)Reddish and cat eyedSmall and unsteady
LipsLarge and smoothMedium and softThin and crackin
SkinOily and smoothCherished and wrinklesDry or rough
Finger nailsWhite and Thick, Wide nailsPink and soft nailsCracking and thin nails
VoiceSoft, sweet and resonatingCommanding and sharpStammering and weak
Resting pulse (early morning or before breakfast)60 - 7070 - 8080 - 100
Weightmost of the times  overweightMedium and muscularLow and bony with lesser weight thin
Bowel movementsModerate and solidLoose and burningSmall, hard, with gas, frequently constipated
AppetiteConstant and poorStrong and sharpIrregular
Which Season most bothersCold and dampHeat and sunCold and dry

Mental traits

TRAITKAPHAPITTAVAATA
TemperamentEasygoingIrritable or impatientNervous or fearful
MemorySlow to learn, never to forgetSharp and clearQuickly grasps, soon forgets
MindSlow and lethargicPenetrating and criticalQuick and adaptable
SpeechSlow or silentModerate or arguesQuick or talkative
Sleep patternSleepy and lazyModerateLess and disturbed
HabitEnjoying water and flowersSports or politicsTravel
BeliefsLoyal and constantLeader and goal orientedRadical or changing
DreamFew and romanticFighting and colourfulFlying and anxious
EmotionCalm and attachedWarm and angryEnthusiastic but full of worries

Majority of peoples are with mix dosha’sMost of us are Dvandva or Dvidoshaja or dual prakrtis like Vaata – pitta, Pitta – kapha or Vaata – kapha. A person with all the three doshas in equal proportion is called Samadosha or tridoshajaprakrti.It is very rare to find an Ekaprakrti – person predominant of only one dosha like kevalavaataprakrti.

Basically in Ayurveda aahar – food  has a lot of dependency. The food type one eats increases or decreases the corresponding type of dosha in the body. One's activities also have a similar effect. For instance, vaataprakrti persons intaking more vaata predominant foods are likely to suffer disorders of vaata origin. By making eating choices in harmony with one's Prakrti needs, one can lead a healthy life.

Foods as per Prakriti

FoodKAPHAPITTAVAATA
Taste preferencesPungent, bitter, and astringent .Sweet, bitter and astringentSweet, sour and salty.
Do's and Dont'sReduce use of sweet, sour, and salty tastes. Sweets must be avoided. Also try to restricting the consumption of excessive pungent foods in summer, instead prefer foods with a sour taste. Pungent foods should be reduced.  Ayurveda suggests the intake of bitter and astringent foods during both summer and winter to promote Vata in summer and Kapha in winter. You could feast on sweets all year round.Avoid anything pungent. It has a drying effect on your system. Ideally, in summer, prefer sour and salty tastes. Consume salty and pungent foods in winter. Use sweet taste as a supplement during both seasons.
Ayurveda SuggestionsAmong dairy products, cottage and other types of cheese are the best options for you.
Butter should be avoided and only toned milk be used.
All frozen desserts are to be avoided. For your Kaphaprakriti, very little of fats and oils are required.
Treat your body occasionally, with a warm oil therapy of mustard oil with a little amount of Apple vinegar.
You should avoid oily foods.
Ayurveda recommends a reduced intake of oils and fats, as these promote the fire in your prakriti. Clarified butter is a better option.
Among dairy products, yogurt is good for you. Milk, cheese, and cottage cheese can be used moderately.
Indulge in all kinds of frozen desserts.
Most non - vegetarian diets suit your prakriti. preferably Aquatic meat  help to promote your Kapha levels.
Dairy products like butter, cheese, yogurt and clarified butter are  considered good for you.
Frozen desserts, Kulfi is a better option than ice - cream.
Oil is a vital requirement of Vata bodies.
Your prakriti needs frequent oil Massages.
Spices Suggested by Ayurveda for youCumin, fenugreek, sesame seed and turmeric.Black pepper, coriander, and cardamom.Cinnamon, cardamom, cumin, ginger, cloves in moderation.
Dosha as per seasonKaphadosha is aggravated and increased in the spring of the year.
During this season, eat less and choose more dry, fibrous foods. During wet, cold seasons.
Pitta dosha is aggravated and increased during summer.
In hot, dry seasons, all mind-body types can choose some of the above foods and decrease others. Mental and emotional peace and constructive lifestyle routines are important to restoring and maintaining balance.
Vatadosha is aggravated and increased during autumn and early winter. During these seasons all mind-body types can include some of the above foods and decrease others. Mental and emotional peace and constructive lifestyle routines are important to restoring and maintaining balance.

If your basic constitution is mixed, include smaller portions for the second dosha.

It is based on the belief that health and wellness depend on a delicate balance between the mind, body, and spirit. The primary focus of Ayurvedic medicine is to promote good health, rather than fight disease. But treatments may be recommended for specific health problems.